Zoological Survey of India

Zoological Survey of India

Zoological Survey of India, Govt. Of India
 
MOEF

Home

The High Altitude Regional Centre at Solan, Himachal Pradesh has been established in September 1968, under the fourth Five Year Plan of the Government of India, with the main objective of exploring the Himalayan fauna. The jurisdiction of the centre includes the mountainous states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir of the North Western Himalaya. They are located between 300 22’40’’N - 3706’ N latitude and between 720 30’ 20’’E - 790 04’ 20’’ E longitudes and spread over an area of 2, 77, 909 sq.km. Owing to vast altitudinal variation from 600m to 6,500m asl, it covers all the four physiographical zones of the Himalaya viz. Shiwalik, Lesser, Great and Trans Himalaya. Three important ranges, Karakoram Range is the northern most range, to the south of the Karakoram ranges run the Zanksar range and parallel to Zanksar ranges lie the Pir Panjal ranges in the region. The high altitude areas with wide-ranging physiographic and biogeographic features harbour a rich faunal wealth in the region. The cold deserts are high altitude areas with very low rainfall. These are extremely fragile ecosystem. The major part of the cold deserts are located in the jurisdiction and situated in Ladakh and Kargil of Jammu & Kashmir, Spiti Valley, Lingti plain of Lahaul in district Lahaul & Spiti and Poh tehsil of district Kinnaur of Himachal Pradesh. They exhibit a rare and encompass high degree of endemism in fauna and have been recognized as an integral part of the Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot. Biogeographically, the Himalayan Mountain range straddles a transition zone between the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan realms and thus species from both realms are represented in the North West Himalaya. There is a dominance of Palaearctic and endemic animals above timber line (3000m) whereas, Oriental and some Palaearctic and some Ethiopian elements at lower and middle altitudes. The Centre is engaged in the documentation of the rich, diverse faunal resources and status of the significance taxa of the fragile Himalayan Ecosystem in states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir by conducting the field explorations and the scientific studies.

                                                                         
Geographical Coverage
The jurisdiction of the centre includes the mountainous states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir of the North Western Himalaya.

                                     

Objectives

  • To conduct surveys and exploration of faunal diversity of the Himalayan Ecosystem, Conservation Areas of the jurisdiction.
  • To development Museum of the Centre by exhibiting the fauna of the high altitude areas.
  • To develop, maintenance, registration, digitization and computerization of National Zoological Collections.
  • To render identification and advisory services on the fauna of the Himalayan ecosystem to students, scholars, teachers in universities, state/central government, state forest department etc.